New reference interest rates on Capital Markets: Our experts support you comprehensively
The UK financial regulator seals the end of LIBOR rates
The UK Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) already announced in 2017 that it will no longer guarantee the LIBOR panel after 2021.
In recent years, the FCA regularly stressed that LIBOR is hardly likely to continue after 2021. In its letter from January 2020, it set out clear milestones for reducing exposure to LIBOR and shifting it towards SONIA.
On 23 June 2020, the UK Chancellor of the Exchequer announced his intention to extend the powers of the FCA to allow a managed and orderly end to LIBOR if
- the LIBOR panel becomes too small,
- the FCA makes a statement of non-representativeness of LIBOR, for example, because the LIBOR panel no longer reflects the underlying market,
- the underlying market has become too small and insignificant (in daily traded market volume) for the requirements of benchmark interest rates.
On 5 March 2021, the UK Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) announced that the LIBOR rates for the currencies CHF, EUR, GBP and JPY are no longer representative of their underlying markets as of 31 December 2021 and, hence, shall not longer be used beyond that date.
In case of USD-LIBOR, usage of LIBOR rates is permissible for legacy assets only until 30 June 2023, however only for most important tenors (i.e. overnight, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months). 1 week and 2 months tenors ceased to be published also for USD from 2022 onwards. Global Regulators have made it clear that the usage of USD-LIBOR for new business is very restricted and only permissible for very limited exceptions.
The EU Commission has issued an Implementing Regulation for CHF-LIBOR (L_2021374EN.01000101.xml (europa.eu)) that names Compounded SARON plus a tenor-specific spread adjustment as a replacement rate for the CHF-LIBOR (tenors 1, 3, 6 and 12 months).
The FCA has committed the administrator ICE to publish a (non-representative) ‘synthetic’ LIBOR until further notice applying to the currencies GBP and JPY and respective legacy business for certain LIBOR tenors. These are currently GBP 3M LIBOR until 31/03/2024 as well as USD-LIBOR for the tenors 1M, 3M and 6M until 30/09/2024.
|LIBOR / Tenor||(Expected) Termination
|All LIBOR Rates
1W, 2M tenors
|GBP-, JPY LIBOR,
ON, 12M Tenor
|EUR LIBOR, CHF LIBOR||YE 2021
|GBP-, JPY LIBOR
1M, 3M, 6M Tenor
|Synthetic LIBOR based on respective term rate + spread;
GBP: since 04.01.2022
GBP 1M: until 31.03.2023
GBP 3M: until 31.03.2024
GBP 6M: until 31.03.2023
|Only for legacy business
ON, 1M, 3M, 6M, 12M Tenor
Termination by 30 Jun 2023
Synthetic USD LIBOR (1M, 3M, 6M
Primarily only for legacy business. According to appeals from regulators, new business in USD LIBOR is restricted to certain exceptions only.
Only for legacy business
In most cases, therefore, DZ BANK believes it is essential to actively convert and renegotiate contracts ("repapering"), as this is the only way to ensure that transactions are converted in a targeted manner that is appropriate for the customer and can be easily managed operationally.
Affected products are:
Floating rate notes (FRN) often refer to LIBOR rates. In the various jurisdictions, the progress of the changeover to RFR-referencing FRNs varies. For example, new USD-denominated FRNs refer almost exclusively to the (compounded) SOFR.
The conversion of existing securities entailed the difficulty that the issuer usually does not know the holders of the securities and therefore cannot directly obtain their consent to the change of the interest rate.
This task could be carried out by depositaries or other intermediaries where appropriate. The approval rates (2/3 majority or unanimity) varied depending on the legal basis.
For this purpose, the different legislators have taken various measures and regulations.
For many products and currencies, variants based on overnight rates already existed before the IBOR reform. The use of products with reference to the new RFR is constantly increasing.
ISDA has added detailed fallback rules for LIBOR rates in its 2006 definitions. Put simply, if LIBOR ceases to exist compounded RFRs in the respective currency and the respective interest period (e.g. 3M USD LIBOR to 3M compounded SOFR) are used instead of LIBOR with a fixing at the end of the interest period (“fixing in arrears”). Since these rates assume different values, an additional adjustment spread is to be added, which is calculated as the median of the difference between the two rates over the period of last 5 years.
The DZ BANK AG has joined the ISDA 2018 Benchmarks Supplement Protocol, the ISDA 2020 IBOR Fallbacks Protocol as well as the June 2022 Benchmark Module of the ISDA 2021 Fallbacks Protocol.
LIBOR (currency specific) is used as a reference value in variable-interest loans in foreign currencies (not EUR). These can be bilateral loans or syndicated loans, based on bilateral agreements or international standards (e.g. LMA).
DZ BANK offers loans whose interest payments are based on compounded risk free rates as opposed to LIBOR-based products; on specific client demand, also based on a ‘term rate’. ‘Term rates’ are offered for USD, GBP and JPY by certain private administrators. Such ‘term rates’ are derived using derivative transactions and are intended for primary use in lending products.
At the same time, the various working groups publish recommendations for the market.
Existing USD-LIBOR loan agreements have been transitioned to the new interest rates with the goal to maintain the economic situation.
In case of any questions regarding the conversion of loan agreements, please contact the usual contacts at DZ BANK or a contact person named on this page.
The markets are currently in flux. In some cases, no clear, uniform market standard has been established.
If you have any questions regarding the EONIA conversion, please contact your usual contacts at DZ BANK or a contact person named on the IBOR Transition page.